Effects of Resettlement Schemes on the Biophysical and Human Environments

Effects of Resettlement Schemes on the Biophysical and Human Environments

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This book focuses on the effects of resettlement schemes on the environment. The chapters of the book include: Theories, typologies and processes of settlement, resettlement and resettlement schemes in Africa and other countries; Effects of the 1960s, 70s and 80s resettlement schemes on the overall bio-physical and human environments and brief presentation on the ongoing resettlement programme in Ethiopia; Effects of the resettlements on the soil resources, water, vegetation, land-use and farming systems, fires, health and wildlife in Gambela Region. Most of the resettlement projects were designed on the basis of political motives, short-sighted economic gains in mind, and were not integrated to other development programmes. As a result, they have aggravated land-use and ethnic conflicts, environmental degradation, food insecurity and poverty. It can be reversed through environmental knowledge, regional integration, effective land-use planning, and conservation-based sustainable utilisation of the natural resources.... including fertile soils, water supply points, crop and grazing land, firewood, markets, fishing places, building materials and ... human suffering and environmental degradation (Chambers 1969, Schudder 1981, Hansen aamp; Oliver- Smith, 1982). ... In view of the gravity of environmental degradation problems world-wide, it is appropriate to examine their root causes and ... and conservation of the natural resource base and the orientation of technological and institutional changes in such aanbsp;...

Title:Effects of Resettlement Schemes on the Biophysical and Human Environments
Author: Mengistu Woube
Publisher:Universal-Publishers - 2005

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